Question: What Are Additional Precautions And When Should They Be Used?

What order do you put on PPE?

The order for putting on PPE is Apron or Gown, Surgical Mask, Eye Protection (where required) and Gloves.

The order for removing PPE is Gloves, Apron or Gown, Eye Protection, Surgical Mask..

When should you apply additional or transmission based precautions?

Transmission-Based Precautions are the second tier of basic infection control and are to be used in addition to Standard Precautions for patients who may be infected or colonized with certain infectious agents for which additional precautions are needed to prevent infection transmission.

What infections require contact precautions?

Contact Precautions—used for infections, diseases, or germs that are spread by touching the patient or items in the room (examples: MRSA, VRE, diarrheal illnesses, open wounds, RSV).

Should standard or additional precautions be used?

Standard precautions are the minimum infection prevention and control practices that must be used at all times for all patients in all situations. Transmission-based precautions are used when standard precautions alone are not sufficient to prevent the spread of an infectious agent.

What are standard precautions and when should they be used?

Standard precautions are a set of infection control practices used to prevent transmission of diseases that can be acquired by contact with blood, body fluids, non-intact skin (including rashes), and mucous membranes.

What precautions should be taken for standard precautions?

Standard precautions include:Hand hygiene.Use of personal protective equipment (e.g., gloves, gowns, masks)Safe injection practices.Safe handling of potentially contaminated equipment or surfaces in the patient environment, and.Respiratory hygiene/cough etiquette.

What is additional precautions in aged care?

Additional Precautions are infection prevention and control precautions and practices required in addition to Routine Practices. They are based on the mode (means) of transmission of the infectious agent: airborne, droplet, and contact.

What are the 10 standard precautions?

Standard PrecautionsHand hygiene.Use of personal protective equipment (e.g., gloves, masks, eyewear).Respiratory hygiene / cough etiquette.Sharps safety (engineering and work practice controls).Safe injection practices (i.e., aseptic technique for parenteral medications).Sterile instruments and devices.More items…

Why is standard precautions important?

Standard precautions are meant to reduce the risk of transmission of bloodborne and other pathogens from both recognized and unrecognized sources. They are the basic level of infection control precautions which are to be used, as a minimum, in the care of all patients.

What is the difference between universal and standard precautions?

In 1996, the CDC expanded the concept and changed the term to standard precautions, which integrated and expanded the elements of universal precautions to include contact with all body fluids (except sweat), regardless of whether blood is present.

What are infection control procedures?

Infection control in the workplace aims to prevent pathogens being passed from one person to another. The foundation of good infection control is to assume that everyone is potentially infectious. Basic infection control procedures include hand washing and keeping the workplace clean.

What are airborne precautions?

Airborne Precautions refer to infection prevention and control interventions to be used in addition to Routine Practices. Airborne Precautions are used for diseases that are spread by airborne transmission.

What is the difference between standard precaution and additional precaution?

Standard precautions describe the routine work practices recommended for use with all patients to give the minimum level of protection for everyone (patients, workers and others). Additional precautions set a higher standard of infection control.

When would you use additional precautions?

Additional Precautions are based on the mode of transmission of the causative organism. Additional Precautions are used as an adjunct to Routine Practices when microorganisms are: Highly infectious • Known to create severe disease • Difficult to treat (antibiotic resistant).

What are 3 types of transmission based precautions?

There are three categories of Transmission-Based Precautions: Contact Precautions, Droplet Precautions, and Airborne Precautions.

What are the 5 types of precautions?

Infection control principles and practices for local public health agenciesContact Precautions. … Droplet Precautions. … Airborne Precautions. … Eye Protection.

What type of PPE are used for contact precautions?

Fluid resistant gowns should be used when splashes or sprays of blood/body fluids are expected. For contact precautions, gowns are worn during all patient contact and when in the patient’s environment. Gowns are always worn in combination with gloves, and with other PPE when indicated.

What are the different types of transmission based precautions?

The three categories of Transmission-based Precautions are: Contact Precautions, Droplet Precautions, and Airborne Precautions, and are based on the likely routes of transmission of specific infectious agents.

What are contact precautions?

Contact Precautions refer to infection prevention and control interventions to be used in addition to Routine Practices and are intended to prevent transmission of infectious agents, including epidemiologically important microorganisms, which are spread by direct or indirect contact.