# Question: What Cipher Code Was Tunny?

## Is Joan Clarke real?

Joan Elisabeth Lowther Murray, MBE (née Clarke; 24 June 1917 – 4 September 1996) was an English cryptanalyst and numismatist best known for her work as a code-breaker at Bletchley Park during the Second World War.

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## Why was the Enigma code so hard to break?

Enigma was so sophisticated it amounted to what’s now called a 76-bit encryption key. One example of how complex it was: typing the same letters together, like “H-H” (for Heil Hitler”) could result in two different letters, like “L-N.” That type of complexity made the machines impossible to break by hand, Simpson says.

## How do you decode Enigma cipher?

To decrypt a message, one needs not only an Enigma machine, but also the knowledge of the starting state, i.e. at which positions the wheels were when the text was typed in. To decrypt the message, the machine must be set to the same starting state, and the cipher text is entered. Output is the plain text.

## When did Joan Clarke die?

September 4, 1996Joan Clarke/Date of death

## How much of the imitation game is true?

The visual blog Information is Beautiful deduced that, while taking creative licence into account, the film was just 42.3% accurate when compared to real-life events, summarizing that “shoe-horning the incredible complexity of the Enigma machine and cryptography in general was never going to be easy.

## How was the Lorenz cipher broken?

The Lorenz pattern could be changed very easily and frequently. The codebreakers in the Testery had to break the message daily by hand, in order to find out all the patterns and wheel settings at the time. Once the message was broken, we could break the rest of the traffic for that day.

## What type of cipher was the enigma?

substitution cipherIntroduction to the Enigma. The Enigma machine implemented a substitution cipher, which encrypts a message by substituting one character for another. Such ciphers go back at least as far as Julius Caesar, who used a simple substitution cipher to encrypt military orders.

## When was the breaking of Enigma declassified?

1970sEvery detail about the sprawling Buckinghamshire estate was shrouded in mystery as German Enigma codes were cracked using the Bombe machine. Until wartime information was declassified in the mid-1970s, no-one who worked at the home of the Government Code and Cypher School was allowed to talk about it.

## What was Alan Turing’s IQ?

Alan Turing IQ score is 185, which is considered as a super genius and in top 0.1% of the population in the world.

## What was the Lorenz machine used to transmit?

The Lorenz SZ40, SZ42a and SZ42b were German rotor stream cipher machines used by the German Army during World War II. They were developed by C. Lorenz AG in Berlin. The model name SZ was derived from Schlüssel-Zusatz, meaning cipher attachment.

## How long was the Enigma code kept secret?

70 yearsThe documents, held in secret for 70 years, laid the foundations for the quick and efficient decryption of Nazi Enigma-scrambled messages – a breakthrough that lopped about two years off the duration of the Second World War.

## Who really broke the Enigma code?

To many, the name Bletchley Park is synonymous with code-breaking glory by the British during World War Two. After all, it was there that Englishman Alan Turing and his team of mathematicians cracked the ciphers of the Nazis’ Enigma machine – a feat credited with shortening the war by two years.