Quick Answer: What Are The Stages Of A Powhiri?

Why is a powhiri important?

Powhiri.

The powhiri is the ritual ceremony of encounter.

Traditionally the process served to discover whether the visiting party were friend or foe, and so its origins lay partly in military necessity..

What does hongi mean?

The hongi is the Mãori welcome expressed by the rubbing or touching of noses, something akin to the Western custom of kissing someone by way of greeting; however, the hongi is a gesture that carries far more significance.

What is the entrance to a marae called?

waharoaThe manuhiri (you and the group) meet at the front of the marae, outside the entrance in the area referred to as the waharoa, waiting to be called on. Usually the woman are at the front, flanked by the men. The kaikaranga (women caller) stands at the front.

What does tikanga and kawa mean?

What is Tikanga and Kawa? Te Reo Māori is the kawa. … Kawa is the policy and tikanga are the procedures on how the policy is realised. To put it simply, kawa is what we do, tikanga is how we do it.

What is a Mihimihi and what does this include?

Mihimihi – Introductions/Speeches At the beginning of any hui, following the pōwhiri (formal welcome) or the mihi whakatau (a welcome, as practised off marae across the Ngāi Tahu tribal region), a round of introductions and speeches – or mihimihi – usually occurs.

What is the marae protocol?

Story: Marae protocol – te kawa o te marae. Pōwhiri, the ceremony used to welcome visitors onto the marae, was traditionally a way of finding out whether people were friends or enemies. Different marae have slightly different protocols depending on their iwi or area, but the same formal roles and structure.

What is a haka powhiri?

1. (noun) welcome haka – ceremonial dance performed to welcome visitors. Sometimes leaves are waved by the performers as a symbol of death.

What is the purpose of a Whaikorero?

Tikanga Overview The whaikōrero is an opportunity for the speaker to display his or her mastery with Māori language and a competent speaker is able to embellish their speech with imagery and metaphor.

Why do you take your shoes off in a marae?

Shoes at the door of the wharenui (1st of 2) One explanation for this is that the dust from the marae ātea (courtyard), which is the domain of Tūmatauenga, the god of war, should not be brought into the wharenui, the domain of Rongo, the god of peace. … Respect is shown for the tipuna (ancestor) by removing shoes.

How many steps are in a powhiri?

sixA powhiri is the traditional way to welcome guests onto a marae. There are six main steps during a powhiri.

What do you wear to a powhiri?

Arrive at least 30 minutes prior to the pōwhiri (formal welcome) and gather at the waharoa (main entrance). Dress Code: Males, please wear dark trousers and shirt; Women, please wear a black or dark below-knee skirt or dress.

What is the difference between a powhiri and an Whakatau?

While a pōwhiri is a ritual of encounter used on the marae, in this area of Otago (i.e. in the takiwā of Araiteuru), a mihi whakatau is reserved for a welcome which is conducted off the marae (for example, to open an event or conference at the University).

What is a hakari?

Hākari (feasts) were a way to demonstrate hospitality and mana. Sometimes hosts and guests competed to outdo each other with the biggest feast and greatest hospitality.

What happens in a Karanga?

The karanga is an exchange of calls that takes place during the time a visiting group moves onto the marae or into the formal meeting area. The karanga usually indicates the start of the pōwhiri (formal welcome ceremony). … The karanga generally begins with the first call (hosts) and a response (visitors).

Who performs the Karanga?

Karanga are carried out almost exclusively by women and in Māori language, and are initiated by the tangata whenua or hosts, and responded to by the visitors. Karanga follow a particular format in keeping with protocol.

How do you enter a marae?

During the pōwhiriYou should not just walk onto a marae; you need to be welcomed on.Women walk on as a group, while men also group together.Do not eat or drink during the welcome.Do not walk in front of a speaker on the marae ātea.Speak in Māori, not English, if giving a speech (unless expressly allowed).More items…•

What is the process of a powhiri?

The pōwhiri (or pōhiri) is a process whereby the host people welcome visitors on the marae. The marae usually consists of a wharenui (meeting house) with marae ātea (courtyard) in front, a wharekai (dining hall) and an ablutions block with toilets and showers. …

What happens in a marae?

Marae are used for meetings, celebrations, funerals, educational workshops and other important tribal events. A marae incorporates a carved meeting house (wharenui) with an open space in front (marae ātea), a dining hall and cooking area, and a toilet and shower block.