What Are The Six Major Classifications Of Fractures?

What are the 3 classifications of fractures?

In this article we look at the three primary types of fractures: open, closed, and displaced fractures.Open Fracture.

When a broken bone breaks through the skin, it is classified as an open fracture.

Closed Fracture.

Displaced Fracture.

Subcategories..

Which types of fractures are most difficult to repair?

Example: A comminuted fracture is the most difficult to repair due to the bone having fractured into numerous pieces. Multiple bone pieces require more effort to hold them together in the ideal position for healing.

What is worse a fracture or a break?

A fracture and a break are actually one and the same. “There’s no difference between these two things,” he says. “A fracture means the cracking or breaking of a hard object. One is not worse than the other when it comes to breaking bones.”

What type of fractures require surgery?

Bone fracture repair is used when a broken bone doesn’t or wouldn’t heal properly with casting or splinting alone. Improper healing that requires ORIF surgery can occur in cases when the bone is sticking through the skin (compound fractures) and fractures that involve joints, such as wrists and ankles.

What are the 10 types of fractures?

Different types of bone fractures can be open, closed, stable, displaced, partial, or complete.Transverse Fracture. Transverse fractures are breaks that are in a straight line across the bone. … Spiral Fracture. … Greenstick Fracture. … Stress Fracture. … Compression Fracture. … Oblique Fracture. … Impacted Fracture. … Segmental Fracture.More items…•

What are the classifications of fractures?

Types of FracturesGreenstick – Incomplete fracture. … Transverse – The break is in a straight line across the bone.Spiral – The break spirals around the bone; common in a twisting injury.Oblique – Diagonal break across the bone.Compression – The bone is crushed, causing the broken bone to be wider or flatter in appearance.More items…

What is a simple fracture?

A closed fracture is also called a simple fracture. In a closed fracture, the broken bone doesn’t break your skin. An open fracture is also called a compound fracture. In an open fracture, the ends of the broken bone tear your skin.

Is a hairline fracture a break?

A partial fracture is an incomplete break of a bone. A complete fracture is a complete break of a bone, causing it to be separated into two or more pieces. A stress fracture, sometimes called a “hairline fracture,” is like a crack and may be difficult to see with regular X-rays.

What is a Grade 1 fracture?

grade 1: clean wound <1 cm in length. grade 2: wound 1-10 length without extensive soft-tissue damage, flaps or avulsions. 3: laceration (>10 cm) or tissue loss/damage or an open segmental fracture. open fractures caused by farm injuries.

What are the two main classifications of fractures?

There are many types of fractures, but the main categories are displaced, non-displaced, open, and closed. Displaced and non-displaced fractures refer to the alignment of the fractured bone. In a displaced fracture, the bone snaps into two or more parts and moves so that the two ends are not lined up straight.

What are the 9 types of fractures?

Common types of fractures are transverse, oblique, spiral, comminuted, impacted, greenstick, open (or compound), and closed (or simple).

What type of fracture is easiest to repair?

Transverse Fracture This is one of the simplest types of broken bones and one of the easiest to correct and heal.

What are the different ways a doctor may treat a fractured bone?

The three main treatment options for bone fractures are:Casting.Open reduction, and internal fixation- this involves a surgery to repair the fracture-frequently, metal rods, screws or plates are used to repair the bone, and remain in place, under the skin, after the surgery.More items…•

What is the most painful type of fracture?

Leg bones are usually some of the strongest in the body and it takes a big impact such as a serious fall or a car accident for them to break. A fracture that occurs lower down the femur is classed as a broken leg rather than hip and is one of the most painful breaks to experience.

What type of fracture takes the longest to heal?

The long, straight part of the femur is called the femoral shaft. When there is a break anywhere along this length of bone, it is called a femoral shaft fracture. This type of broken leg almost always requires surgery to heal.

How do I know if my bone is fractured?

Signs of a broken bone include:Pain located directly on top of the bone – where there is no soft tissue.Pain becomes worse when you apply pressure or move the injured limb.Severe swelling, or bruising over the top of the bone, numbness or tingling.A “cracking” (not “popping”) sound at the time of the injury.More items…

What is the most serious type of fracture?

If the bone breaks in such a way that bone fragments stick out through the skin, or a wound penetrates down to the broken bone, the fracture is called an “open” fracture. This type of fracture is particularly serious because once the skin is broken, infection in both the wound and the bone can occur.

What are the different types of ankle fractures?

Types of ankle break injuries include:Lateral malleolus fracture. This break occurs at the bottom of the fibula. … Medial malleolus fracture. … Bimalleolar ankle fracture. … Bimalleolar equivalent fracture. … Posterior malleolus fracture. … Trimalleolar fracture. … Pilon fracture. … Maisonneuve fracture.More items…•