Which Condition Is Abnormal Softening Of Bones Due To Disease?

Which bone is the largest bone in human body?

thighboneYour femur, or thighbone, is the largest bone in your body.

The head of your femur fits into your hip socket and the bottom end connects to your knee.

The two bones beneath your knee that make up your shin are your tibia and fibula.

Your upper and lower leg are connected by a hinge joint..

What disease eats cartilage?

Relapsing polychondritis is an autoimmune disease in which the body’s immune system begins to attack and destroy the cartilage tissues in the body.

Is the abnormal softening of bones in adults?

Osteomalacia refers to a marked softening of your bones, most often caused by severe vitamin D deficiency. The softened bones of children and young adults with osteomalacia can lead to bowing during growth, especially in weight-bearing bones of the legs. Osteomalacia in older adults can lead to fractures.

Which term means pain linked to an abnormal condition within a bone?

OstealgiaOstealgia is pain linked to an abnormal condition within a bone.

What is the disease in which bone loss causes bones to become fragile and prone to fractures?

Osteoporosis causes bones to become weak and brittle — so brittle that a fall or even mild stresses such as bending over or coughing can cause a fracture. Osteoporosis-related fractures most commonly occur in the hip, wrist or spine.

What is the medical term for inflammation of bone and cartilage?

Oste/o/chondr/itis: inflammation of bone and cartilage.

Can you rebuild bone density?

While you can never regain the bone density you had in your youth, you can help prevent rapidly thinning bones, even after your diagnosis.

Which technique is used to detect early osteoporosis?

To diagnose osteoporosis and assess your risk of fracture and determine your need for treatment, your doctor will most likely order a bone density scan. This exam is used to measure bone mineral density (BMD). It is most commonly performed using dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA or DEXA) or bone densitometry.

Which condition is commonly known as a bunion?

hallux valgus. the medical term for the condition commonly known as a bunion.

How do you treat weak bones?

Here are 10 natural ways to build healthy bones.Eat Lots of Vegetables. … Perform Strength Training and Weight-Bearing Exercises. … Consume Enough Protein. … Eat High-Calcium Foods Throughout the Day. … Get Plenty of Vitamin D and Vitamin K. … Avoid Very Low-Calorie Diets. … Consider Taking a Collagen Supplement.More items…•

What exercise is best for osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis Exercise for Strong BonesDancing.Doing high-impact aerobics.Hiking.Jogging/running.Jumping Rope.Stair climbing.Tennis.

What is the medical term for inflammation of the bone?

Osteomyelitis is an infection and inflammation of the bone or the bone marrow.

Which word part means abnormal softening?

malaciaFIGURE 1.2 The term tonsillitis is created by adding the suffix -itis to the word root tors. -itis means inflammation. Gastritis (gas-TRY-us) is an inflammation of the stomach (gastr means stomach, and -itis means inflammation). -malacia means abnormal softening.

Is ankylosing spondylitis a form of rheumatoid arthritis that primarily causes inflammation?

Ankylosing spondylitis (pronounced ank-kih-low-sing spon-dill-eye-tiss), or AS, is a form of arthritis that primarily affects the spine, although other joints can become involved. It causes inflammation of the spinal joints (vertebrae) that can lead to severe, chronic pain and discomfort.

Is the form of arthritis most commonly associated with aging?

Osteoarthritis: Osteoarthritis is also called as degenerative joint disease; this is the most common type of arthritis, which occurs often in older people. This disease affects cartilage, the tissue that cushions and protects the ends of bones in a joint.

What suffix means abnormal softening?

suffix -malaciaThe suffix -malacia means “abnormal softening,” most often used referring to bone disorders, but it does mean abnormal softening, and arteriomalacia refers to abnormal softening of the walls of an artery or arteries.

What is abnormal softening of bone?

osteomalacia. abnormal softening of the bone.

What is abnormal softening of cartilage?

Chondromalacia: : Abnormal softening or degeneration of cartilage.

Which term means to suture a tendon to bone?

tenodesis. suture the end of a tendon to bone. tenolysis.

Which term is the death of bone tissue?

Avascular necrosisAvascular necrosis is the death of bone tissue due to a lack of blood supply. Also called osteonecrosis, it can lead to tiny breaks in the bone and the bone’s eventual collapse. A broken bone or dislocated joint can interrupt the blood flow to a section of bone.

Which of the following is the most accurate test for osteoporosis?

Non-laboratory tests The bone mineral density (BMD) test is the primary test used to identify osteoporosis and low bone mass. One of the preferred and most accurate ways to measure BMD is Dexa-Scan (dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry or DXA). It uses a low energy X-ray to evaluate bone density in the hip and/or spine.